Menu Nutrition And You.com home page Blog Contact

Button mushroom nutrition facts

Delicious, chewy white button mushroom is the most common variety of edible mushrooms cultivated and consumed worldwide. Common buttons are the fleshy fruit bodies in the Basidiomycetes family.

Scientific name: Agaricus Bisphorus.

The different varieties of button mushrooms available in the markets are the same A. bisphorus that sold at various stages of growth and harvest.

  1. Immature and white: Common button, or table mushroom.

  2. Immature and brown: Chestnut mushrooms, or cremini. These have a thicker stem and a harder, pale brown cap. They have more pronounced "mushroomy" flavor, and a meatier texture than white mushrooms.

  3. Mature: Portobello mushroom.

White button mushrooms
White button mushrooms on the compost bed.
Photo courtesy: Alison Harrington.

Identification

Button/white mushrooms can be easily recognized in the shops/store as they are widely available among cultivated mushrooms. Small, young buttons feature ivory-white caps closed around the stem. Larger mushrooms possess open caps with undersurface brown gills which darken further as they mature.

Young buttons have pleasant, unassuming flavor, while their flavor intensifies in open capped, larger ones. Avoid those featuring white underneath gills as they can be poisonous.


Cultivation

Under the supervised farms, cultivation of white mushrooms undertaken on an artificially prepared "compost" beds. Well prepared, pasteurized compost works as a food source most suited for the growth of the mushrooms, keeping out other fungi and bacteria. In the next phase, commercially prepared mushroom seeds (Mycelium spawn) are then implanted evenly in the compost mixture.

The casing is a top-layered soil, spread over the compost-spawn bed. Clay, loam, peat mass, etc., can be used as casing. Casing helps retains moisture; prevent drying out of the underlying compost-spawn mixture and easy spread, and growth of mycelium into rhizomorphs from where small mushroom heads appear (pin-head mushroom). Pin mushrooms expand, and grow further into button size, soon ready for harvesting. Harvesting occurs in 6-9 days cycle, lasting for 5-7 weeks.

Health benefits of Button mushrooms

  • Button mushrooms are very low in calories. They offer essential protein and amino acids, sufficient levels of mineral, vitamins, and fiber.

  • Button mushrooms carry vitamin D in the form of ergocalciferol. Vitamin D is an essential fat-soluble vitamin required for bone growth and calcium metabolism.

  • It carries excellent levels of selenium, copper, phosphorus, zinc, and potassium.

  • 100 g contain 0.318 mg or 37% RDI of copper. It is essential for blood cell production (hemtopoiesis), neurotransmission, and as a co-factor for oxidative enzymes.

  • 100 g of buttom mushrooms carry 9.3 μg or 17% RDI of selenium. Selenium is co-factor nutrient for the antoxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase. It plays a critical role in the integrity of liver and heart tissues.

  • It is rich in the B-complex group of vitamins like thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine), and pantothenic acid.

  • 100 g of buttom mushrooms carry 0.402 mg or 37% RDI of riboflavin (vitamin B-2). Riboflavin deficiency could lead to ulcers in the mouth, cracked lip and mouth angles (angular stomatitis), scaly skin rashes, etc.


See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:

Button mushroom (Agaricus bisphorus), fresh, Nutritive value per 100 g.

(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Principle Nutrient Value Percentage of RDA
Energy 22 Kcal 1%
Carbohydrates 3.26 g 2.5%
Protein 2.18 g 4%
Total Fat 0.34 g 1%
Dietary Fiber 1 g 3%
Vitamins
Folates 17 μg 4%
Niacin 3.607 mg 23%
Pantothenic acid 1.497 mg 27%
Pyridoxine (B-6) 0.104 mg 8%
Riboflavin 0.402 mg 31%
Thiamin 0.81 mg 7%
Vitamin A 0 IU 0%
Vitamin C 2.1 mg 3.5%
Vitamin D 7 IU mg 1%
Vitamin E 0 mg 0%
Vitamin K 0 μg 0%
Electrolytes
Sodium 5 mg 0.5%
Potassium 318 mg 7%
Minerals
Calcium 3 mg <1%
Copper 0.318 mg 35%
Iron 0.50 mg 6%
Magnesium 9 mg 2%
Manganese 0.047 mg <1%
Phosphorus 86 mg 12%
Selenium 9.3 μg 17%
Zinc 0.52 mg 15%

Selection and storage

Button mushrooms are available year-round in the markets. Select bright, clean mushrooms with firm, fleshy caps. Avoid those with discoloration, black spots, shriveled, bruised, and dry. Do not purchase those with a wet, slimy or slippery surface as they are out the flavor.

Button mushrooms can also be available in cans in supermarkets. Look for the brand, authenticity, and validity periods before buying one.

Button mushrooms are easily perishable. When stored properly, they may remain fresh for 3-5 days. Once at home, unseal the plastic wrap, place them in a paper bag or arrange inside an absorbent paper towel where they remain fresh for three days. Vacuum-sealed packs will continue to be safe for up to 14 days inside the refrigerator. Sliced mushrooms go bad early.


Preparation and serving methods

Gently brush them using a soft brush or rub using a soft cloth to remove any surface peat, dirt. Peeling is not necessary as it makes them lose flavor. If the mushrooms are very dirty, rinse them in cold water for few seconds just before using them in recipes.

Cleaned mushrooms can be used whole, in cubes or slices as you may desire in the cooking. They can be eaten raw in salads.

Here are some serving tips:

  • Finely sliced mushrooms can be added to soups.

  • Freshly diced mushrooms added in stews, in stir-fries with chicken, and seafood.

  • Large button mushrooms (portobello) can be employed for stuffing, grilling, and baking.

  • Fine sliced, diced buttonhead are a common featuring ingredients in pizza, pasta, pastry, and potpie preparations.


Safety profile

Poisoning from consumption of cultivated button mushrooms is very rare. (Medical disclaimer).



<<-Back to Mushrooms from Button mushroom. Visit here for an impressive list of edile mushrooms with complete illustrations of their nutrition facts and health benefits.

<<-Back to Home page.

Further reading and Resources:

  1. Selenium in edible mushrooms.

  2. mushroominfo.com.

  3. Stanford School of Medicine Cancer information Page- Nutrition to Reduce Cancer Risk. (Link opens in new window).

  4. USDA National Nutrient Database.




≺ Prev Next ≻